the official results of the 1991 census, the Kakanj district had
30,445 Moslems (54,5%)
4,937 Serbs (8,8%)
3,850 others (6,9%)
The district area was spared from the direct Serbian aggression,
however it served as a shelter for thousands of Moslem refugees
from the occupied districts by the Drina River. In the beginning
of 1993, Croat residents of the districts experienced the first
insults, provocations and maltreatment by B-H Army soldiers, and
in April 1993, one Croat civilian was killed while ten other civilians
were arrested and imprisoned in the "Sretno" motel in
Kakanj where they were brutally battered. In the period between
5th and 13th June, stronger B-H Army soldiers pushed back HVO soldiers
from the district. Many civilian residents of Croat nationality
(more than 5,000) were evicted to the neighbouring district of Vares.
During the attack of the B-H Army soldiers, several hundreds of
family houses were burnt down in the villages surrounding the town
of Kakanj, the district centre, while the families of Moslem refugees
from Podrinje districts moved into those Croat owned houses and
residential buildings that were still intact. More than fifty civilians
were killed in the B-H Army attacks on the Croat residents of the
Kakanj district. The most atrocious crime that has been recorded
up to date was carried out on June 13th 1993, in the hamlet of Drenovik
(the village of Tesevo) during which time sixteen Croat civilians
were killed in the most brutal manner.
001 B-H - KAKANJ - February 1993
OF REPORTED CRIME: Employment of measures of intimidation and terror.
TIME AND LOCATION: February - June 1993; Kakanj.
SUMMARY OF REPORTED CRIME: "... "Caritas" did what
they could, and the aid in food supplies and clothes was distributed
to all residents of Kakanj regardless their nationality and religious
persuasion. The humanitarian organization "Merhamet" distributed
aid only to Muslim civilians. This is how Croats and Muslims in
Kakanj got divided. (...) Since February 1993, I have been persecuted,
maltreated and insulted by the Muslims. They led a psychological
war against the Croat residents. Croat residents in Kakanj have
been imprisoned, and the fate of the majority of them is yet unknown.
Among the missing is Franci Zupancic, a journalist who is still
imprisoned in a Zenica camp. For months, members of the Muslim Armed
Forces (the so-called MOS) have been coming to my apartment and
threatening me to leave. Muslims intercepted me in the public places,
forced me out of the public buildings, cursed me. We, Croat residents
in Kakanj, became subordinate citizens.
B-H Army soldiers (the so-called MOS - the Muslim Armed Forces)
witness' written statement currently kept in the archives of the
004 B-H - KAKANJ
- June 9, 1993
OF REPORTED CRIME: Attack on civilians and civilian properties;
TIME AND LOCATION: June 9, 1993; 10:00 a.m.; Kakanj district.
SUMMARY OF REPORTED CRIME: In his account, the witness reports that
the general alert was sounded on June 9, 1993, at 10:00 a.m., during
which time the B-H Army members (Muslim Army) launched an organized
attack on all Croat-populated villages in the Kakanj district (Tesevo,
Seoce, Veliki Trnovci, Dujmovici, Bjelavici, Gora, Crnac, Slapnica,
Lipnica, Kraljeva Sutjeska, and Nazbilj. The town of Kakanj was
also attacked. Some 15,000 Croat civilians were evicted from the
Kakanj district. The evicted Croat civilians' entire property was
looted, and some 80 per cent of the residential and farm buildings
(previously owned by the evicted Croats) were set on fire.
B-H Army members (the so-called MOS - Muslim Armed Forces).
witness' written statement currently kept in the archives of the
003 B-H - KAKANJ
- June 13, 1993
OF REPORTED CRIME: Infliction of severe bodily harm; mass killing.
TIME AND LOCATION: June 13, 1993; 10:30 a.m.; village of Drenovik
(east of Kakanj).
SUMMARY OF REPORTED CRIME: After the attack on the villages of Kovaci
and Brdarici (Kakanj district) by armed members of MOS(Muslim Armed
Forces, part of the B-H Army), a group of 16 Croat villagers escaped
in the direction of the village of Tesevo.
a.m. they arrived in Drenovik. They were met halfway by a white
UN armoured transporter which came from the direction of the Muslim
populated village of Ricica. Ten soldiers wearing MOS insignia came
out of the transporter. Their faces were painted. Two of them wore
green berets on their heads, and one had dark glasses. According
to the witness, they spoke in Zenica dialect, while one of them
spoke a foreign language. The Croat villagers hid in a garage (the
garage owner is Jozo Andric from Drvenik, Croat by nationality).
Members of MOS fired on the garage, and on this occasion six villagers
were wounded: Anica Juric (born 1947), Zeljka Juric (born 1980),
Sladjana Franjic (born 1979), Branko Franjic (born 1981), Jure Juric
(born 1941), Mirjana Franjic (born 1964). Afterwards, members of
MOS ordered the civilians to get out of the garage and lie on the
ground. As soon as the civilians lied on the ground in front of
the garage, the soldiers fired on them. On that occasion, four villagers
were killed and another seven wounded. The following civilians were
killed: Jagoda Juric (born 1952), Juro Juric (born 1941), Ljubomir
Juric (born 1972), and Ivo Markanovic (born 1952, shot in the head
at point blank range). The following civilians were wounded: Antonija
Juric (born 1969), Stjepan Juric (born 1968), Marinko Juric (born
1974), Dragan Juric (born 1975), Delfa Juric (born 1951), Blasko
Franjic (born 1953), and Zeljka Juric (born 1980) was wounded once
again. Members of MOS separated the women and closed them in a house
(the owner of the house was Ivo Dogeljic from Drenovik). They did
not allow any medical aid to the wounded civilians. Seven of the
women that were confined in the house were wounded. Members of MOS
killed all of the wounded men in front of the garage. The following
persons were killed: Stjepan Juric (born 1968), Marinko Juric (born
1974), Dragan Juric (born 1975), Blasko Franjic (born 1953). When
members of MOS left the village, after the crime had already been
committed, the women left the house and went in the direction of
the village of Tesevo. On their way they found the bodies of four
Croat villagers from Brdarici. The bodies were strafed with bullets.
The women recognized the killed persons as Janja Brdaric, Andja
Brdaric, Robert Brdaric (17 years old), and Marko Brdaric (50 years
old). According to the witness, on the same day, and approximately
at the same time, this MOS group killed another four Croatian villagers
from Brdaric: Mato Brdaric (18 years old), Ivan Brdaric (born 1946),
Stjepan Brdaric (born 1946), and Franjo Brdaric (born 1947). In
Drenovik, the 16 Croat villagers of Kovaci and Brdarici were killed
(seven of them were first wounded), and seven others from the same
villages were wounded (two of them seriously).
Armed members of MOS (Muslim Armed Forces, part of the B-H Army).
SOURCE OF INFORMATION: Report no. 01-12/93 from September 17, 1993,
issued by the Centre for Human Rights - Medjugorje, currently kept
in the archives of the Centre.