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Home Page > War Crimes > GORNJI VAKUF / USKOPLJE



According to the official results of the 1991 census, the Gornji Vakuf district had 25,130 residents:

10,709 Croats (42,6%)
14,086 Moslems (56,1%)
106 Serbs (0,4%)
229 others (0,9%)

Following the Serbian aggression on Bosnia-Herzegovina (1992), a large number of Moslem refugees from the neighbouring district of Donji Vakuf, and other districts in northwestern Bosnia, took shelter in the Gornji Vakuf district. Serbian tank and artillery attacks from the directions of Siver and Vukosavsko Polje (August 15th and September 26th 1992) caused a considerable material damage.

The first fierce conflict between B-H Army and HVO occurred on October 23rd 1992, when B-H Army soldiers tried to take control over the town of Prozor and the G.Vakuf-Prozor-Jablanica highway. There were many casualties on both sides.

Another conflict between B-H Army and HVO was triggered off on January 15th 1993 when Moslem units tried to take by force Croat populated villages by the G.Vakuf-Bugojno road. The town of Gornji Vakuf was divided on the Croatian and Moslem sections. The disturbed balance in the national structure of the population contributes to the tensions, since Moslem refugees have been pouring into the district constantly.

In the beginning of July 1993, B-H Army soldiers burnt down the Croat populated villages of Rostovo and Sebesic.

In the beginning of August 1993, the villages of Donja and Gornja Vrs, Krupa and Bistrica have been occupied and the surviving Croats were evicted to western Herzegovina.

The front line did not change significantly in the period between August 1993 and May 1994 (the time when the conflicts between Croats and Moslems were terminated).


DESCRIPTION OF REPORTED CRIME: Wilful causing of suffering,
wilful infliction of serious bodily injuries, and wilful killing of civilians.

TIME AND LOCATION: January 17, 1993, the village of Bistrica near Gornji Vakuf (Uskoplje) (4 kilometres north of Gornji Vakuf).

SUMMARY OF REPORTED CRIME: Ruza Kvasina was killed with firearms, two other Croatian civilians, Stipo Skraba (56 years old)and Ivica Skraba (54 years old) were taken to a part of thevillage called Smajici, while their houses were burned down. The bodies of Ivica and Stipo Skrabo were discovered fifteen dayslater by Ante Ivankovic. Ante Ivankovic was killed the same dayby a sniper. The representatives of the UNPROFOR transported bodies and performed an autopsy during which they established that the bodies had been mutilated.

PERPETRATORS: Members of the Muslim forces with the B-H Army insignia. Ruza Kvasina was killed by Smajil Pokvic, and another man whose name is still unknown (both are members of the B-H Army). They fired 17 bullets at her. Stipo and Ivica Skraba were killed by a dull object.

EVIDENCE: Video tape recording of the bodies, audio tape recording of an interview with an eye-witness, supplemented by a written statement and photographs taken at the scene of the crime, are currently kept in the archives of the Department, no.1A3GV06A001

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